Colorado Criminal Trespass Defense Lawyers

In Col­orado, “crim­i­nal tres­pass” is the crime of unlaw­fully enter­ing or remain­ing on another’s prop­erty, and the seri­ous­ness of the offense depends upon the type of prop­erty tres­passed upon and the trespasser’s state of mind.  There are three degrees of crim­i­nal tres­pass rang­ing from a class 1 petty offense to a class 4 felony.

First degree crim­i­nal tres­pass, Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18–4-502

A per­son com­mits first degree crim­i­nal tres­pass if he or she know­ingly and unlaw­fully enters or remains in another’s dwelling, or if he or she enters any motor vehi­cle with the intent to com­mit a crime inside that vehicle.

First degree crim­i­nal tres­pass is a class 5 felony that car­ries a pre­sump­tive min­i­mum sen­tence of one year of impris­on­ment and a pre­sump­tive max­i­mum sen­tence of three years.  Under extra­or­di­nary aggra­vat­ing cir­cum­stances, a court may impose a sen­tence of more than three years, and under extra­or­di­nary mit­i­gat­ing cir­cum­stances, a court may impose a sen­tence of less than one year.

Sec­ond degree crim­i­nal tres­pass, Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18–4-503

A per­son com­mits sec­ond degree crim­i­nal tres­pass if he or she does any of the following:

  • Unlaw­fully enters or remains in or upon the premises of another which are fenced or oth­er­wise enclosed in a man­ner designed to exclude others;
  • Know­ingly and unlaw­fully enters or remains in the com­mon areas of a hotel, motel, con­do­minium, or apart­ment build­ing; or
  • Know­ingly and unlaw­fully enters or remains in another’s vehicle.

Sec­ond degree crim­i­nal tres­pass is gen­er­ally a class 3 mis­de­meanor that car­ries a min­i­mum pun­ish­ment of a $50 fine, and a max­i­mum pun­ish­ment of six months of impris­on­ment, or a $750 fine, or both.  Addi­tion­ally, if a per­son is found guilty of sec­ond degree crim­i­nal tres­pass for unlaw­fully enter­ing or remain­ing in another’s vehi­cle, his or her dri­vers license will be revoked.

How­ever, if a per­son com­mits sec­ond degree crim­i­nal tres­pass on agri­cul­tural land, it is a class 2 mis­de­meanor that car­ries a min­i­mum pun­ish­ment of three months of impris­on­ment, or a $250 fine, or both.  The max­i­mum pun­ish­ment is twelve months of impris­on­ment, or a $1,000 fine, or both.  And if a per­son com­mits sec­ond degree crim­i­nal tres­pass on agri­cul­tural land with the intent to com­mit a felony (regard­less of whether he or she actu­ally does com­mit a felony), it is a class 4 felony that car­ries a pre­sump­tive min­i­mum sen­tence of two years of impris­on­ment and a pre­sump­tive max­i­mum sen­tence of six years.  Under extra­or­di­nary aggra­vat­ing cir­cum­stances, a court may impose a sen­tence of more than six years, and under extra­or­di­nary mit­i­gat­ing cir­cum­stances, a court may impose a sen­tence of less than two years.

Third degree crim­i­nal tres­pass, Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18–4-504

A per­son com­mits third degree crim­i­nal tres­pass if he or she unlaw­fully enters or remains in or upon premises of another.

Third degree crim­i­nal tres­pass is gen­er­ally a class 1 petty offense that car­ries a max­i­mum pun­ish­ment of a $50 fine, or six months of impris­on­ment, or both.

How­ever, if a per­son com­mits third degree crim­i­nal tres­pass on agri­cul­tural land, it is a class 3 mis­de­meanor that car­ries a min­i­mum pun­ish­ment of a $50 fine, and a max­i­mum pun­ish­ment of six months of impris­on­ment, or a $750 fine, or both.  And if a per­son com­mits sec­ond degree crim­i­nal tres­pass on agri­cul­tural land with the intent to com­mit a felony, it is a class 5 felony that car­ries a pre­sump­tive min­i­mum sen­tence of one year of impris­on­ment and a pre­sump­tive max­i­mum sen­tence of three years.  Under extra­or­di­nary aggra­vat­ing cir­cum­stances, a court may impose a sen­tence of more than three years, and under extra­or­di­nary mit­i­gat­ing cir­cum­stances, a court may impose a sen­tence of less than one year.