In Colorado, a person commits “criminal impersonation” if he or she assumes a false or fictitious identity or capacity, and in that false identity or capacity does any of the following:
- Marries, pretends to marry, or sustains the marriage relation toward another without the other’s willingness;
- Becomes bail or surety for a party in an action or proceeding, civil or criminal, before a court or officer authorized to take the bail or surety;
- Confesses a judgment, or subscribes, verifies, publishes, acknowledges, or proves a written instrument which by law may be recorded, with the intent that the same may be delivered as true;
- Performs an act that, if done by the person falsely impersonated, might subject such person to an action or special proceeding, civil or criminal, or to liability, charge, forfeiture, or penalty; or
- Performs any other act with intent to unlawfully gain a benefit or to injure or defraud another.
Criminal impersonation is a class 6 felony that carries a presumptive minimum sentence of one year of imprisonment and a presumptive maximum sentence of eighteen months. Under extraordinary aggravating circumstances, a court may impose a sentence of more than eighteen months, and under extraordinary mitigating circumstances, a court may impose a sentence of less than one year.